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February 1, 2017 Day 12 of the First Year
9:00AM THE PRESIDENT receives his daily intelligence briefing
9:30AM THE PRESIDENT holds an African American History Month listening session
11:30AM THE PRESIDENT meets with SCOTUS groups
12:30PM THE PRESIDENT has lunch with Secretary of State-designate Rex Tillerson
Presidential Dining Room
6:20PM THE PRESIDENT arrives at the White House
6:45PM THE PRESIDENT partakes in the ceremonial swearing-in of the Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson
February 1 day 12 of year 1 - History
Historical events by day for the month of February :
February 1, 1920 -Royal Canadian Mounted Police are established.
February 1, 1964 - G. I. Joe toy action figure hits the market. It originally sold for $2.49 by Hasbro.
February 2, 1949 - The first 45 RPM vinyl record is released.
February 6, 1964 - The G.I. Joe toy hits the market.
February 3, 1959 - Rock singers Buddy Holly, Richie Valens and the Big Bopper died in a plane crash.
February 4, 1938 - Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is released.
February 4, 1949 - Ruth Handler invents the Barbie Doll.
February 4, 2004 - Mark Zuckerberg creates Facebook social media platform.
February 5, 1922 - Reader's Digest is first published.
February 6, 1926 - The first doughnut machine is sold.
February 6, 1935 - The board game Monopoly first went on sale.
February 6, 1943 - Frank Sinatra makes his singing debut on radio show "Your Hit Parade".
February 6, 1971 - Astronaut Alan Shepard hits three golf balls on the moon.
February 7, 1964 - The Beatles arrive in the U.S. for the fist time.
February 8, 1910 - The Boy Scouts of America is founded.
February 9, 1964 - The Beatles appear on the Ed Sullivan show.
February 9, 1861 - An act of Congress is passed authorizing the US Weather Bureau .
February 10, 1942 - Glenn Miller receives the first ever gold record for selling a million copies of a song. And the song. "The Chattanooga Choo Choo"
February 10, 1763 - France cedes Canada to England, ending the French and Indian War.
February 11, 1809 - Robert Fulton patents the steamboat.
February11, 1929 - The Vatican becomes a sovereign nation.
February 11, 1945 - The Yalta agreement is signed by Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin.
February 12, 1870 - Women in the Utah Territory win the right to vote.
February 13, 1826 - The American Temperance Society is formed in Boston, MA.
February 13, 1866 - Jesse James robs his first(of many) banks.
February 13, 1917 - Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is arrested on suspicion she is a German spy.
February 13, 2000 - The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after the death of Charles M. Schulz, it's creator.
February 14, 1826 - U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.
February 13, 1849 - President John Knox Polk becomes the first sitting president to have his photograph taken.
February 14, 1929 - The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre occurred. Mobsters, dressed as policemen, gunned down seven members of a rival gang.
February 14, 1931 - The original film "Dracula" starring Bela Lugosi is released.
February 14, 1946 - J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly demonstrates the first computer, called the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) computer at the University of Pennsylvania.
February 14, 1951 - Sugar Ray Robinson becomes the world middleweight champion by defeating Jake LaMotta.
February 14, 1971 - President Richard M. Nixon installs a secret taping system in the White House.
February 15, 399 B.C. - Philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death in Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth in the city.
February 15, 1842 - The Post Office uses adhesive postage stamps for the first time.
February 15, 1936 - Adolph Hitler announces the construction of the Volkswagen Beetle.
February 15, 2013 - Asteroid "2012 DA14" at 150 feet across, is the closest approach to earth of any object its size in history, passing less than 18,000 miles from earth, within the orbit of geostationary satellites.
February 16, 600 - Pope Gregory the Great declares "God Bless You" is the proper response to a sneeze.
February 16, 1868 - Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks is formed.
February 16, 1883 - "Ladies Home Journal" is first published.
February 16, 1937 - Nylon is patented. But it won't become popular for a few more decades.
February 16, 1948 - NBC TV begins it's first nightly newscast.
February 17, 1621 - Myles Standish is elected the fist commander of Plymouth Colony.
February 17, 1815 - President James Madison signs the Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812.
February 18, 1861 - Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America.
February 18, 1885 - Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published.
February 18, 1930 - A ninth planet is discovered in the solar system and is named Pluto. The discover is Clyde Tombaugh. Note: To the dismay of many, in 2006,scientists reclassified Pluto as a ""dwarf planet".
February 18, 1913 - A prize is inserted into a Crackerjacks box for the first time
February 18, 1979 - Snow falls in the Sahara desert.
February 19, 1878 - Thomas Edison is granted a patent for his Gramophone (Phonograph).
February 19, 1913 - Prizes begin to be inserted into Cracker Jack boxes.
February 19, 1968 - Mister Rogers Neighborhood debuts on television.
February 20, 1869 - Congress bans dueling in the District of Columbia.
February 20, 1927 - Golfers in South Carolina arrested for violating the Sabbath.
February 20, 1944 - Batman and Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers.
February 20, 1962 - John Glenn become the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the earth.
February 21, 1842 - John Greenough receives a U.S. patent for the sewing machine.
February 21, 1931 - Alka Seltzer is first sold.
February 21, 1972 - Richard Nixon becomes the first U.S. President to visit China.
February 22, 1879 - Frank Woolworth opens the first "Five Cent Store in Utica, N.Y.
February 22, 1888 - John Reid, the "Father of American Golf", demonstrates golf in a cow pasture in Yonkers, NY.
February 22, 1959 - Inaugural Daytona 500 race is run.
February 23, 1836 - The Battle of the Alamo begins. It lasts 13 days.
February 23, 1874 - Walter Wingfield of Pimlico, England, patented the game of lawn tennis.
February 23, 1893 - Rudolf Diesel receives a patent in Germany for the oil burning diesel engine.
February 23, 1896 - The Tootsie Roll rolls into stores in America. Created by Leo Hirshfield.
February 23, 1940 - Walt Disney releases Pinocchio to movie theaters.
February 23, 1945 - U.S marines raise the American flag over the Pacific island of Iwo Jima.
February 23, 1945 - U.S. marines raise the America flag in Iwo Jima.
February 24, 1839 - William Otis of Philadelphia, PA patents the steam shovel.
February 24, 1868 - The first parade with floats is held for Mardi Gras in Mobile, AL.
February 24, 1909 - The Hudson Motor Company is founded.
February 24, 1981 - Britain's Prince Charles announces his engagement to Lady Diana.
February 24, 1998 - Elton John is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
February 24, 2011 - Final launch of the Space Shuttle Discovery.
February 25, 1791 - The 1st Bank of the United States is chartered.
February 25, 1836 - Samuel Colt patents the revolver.
February 25, 1837 - Thomas Davenport patents the first electric printing press.
February 25, 1908 - The first tunnel under the Hudson river opens.
February 25, 1925 - Glacier Bay National Monument in Alaska is established.
February 25, 1964 - Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) wins his first World Heavyweight Title, defeating Sonny Liston.
February 26, 1919 - Congress creates the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona.
February 26, 1993 - A bomb explodes at the World Trade Center killing 6 people.
February 26, 1983 - Michael Jackson's "Thriller" album is #1 on the charts and stays there for 37 weeks.
February 27, 1814 - Ludwig van Beethoven's 8th Symphony in F premieres.
February 27, 1827 - Mardi Gras is celebrated in New Orleans for the first time.
February 27, 1960 - The U.S. Men's Olympic hockey team defeats the U.S.S.R. to win Olympic Gold.
February 27, 1981 - Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder record "Ebony and Ivory".
February 28, 202 B.C. - The Han dynasty begins a four hundred year rule with the coronation of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han.
February 28, 1692 - The Salem Witch Hunts begin.
February 28, 1784 - Evangelist John Wesley charters the Methodist church.
February 28, 1849 - The California Gold Rush begins as the first boatload of prospectors arrive in San Francisco.
February 28, 1983 - The final episode of M.A.S.H. is aired.
February 29, 1872 - Yellowstone becomes the first National Park
Holiday Insights , where every day is a holiday, a bizarre or wacky day, an observance, or a special event. Join us in the daily calendar fun each and every day of the year.
Did You Know? There are literally thousands of daily holidays, special events and observances, more than one for every day of the year. Many of these holidays are new. More holidays are being created on a regular basis. At Holiday Insights, we take great efforts to thoroughly research and document the details of each one, as completely and accurately as possible.
Note: If you are using the dates or historical information on our site for calendar or other publishing purposes, we recommend you double check with other sources.
Important Days in February 2021: National and International
In government examinations like SSC, banking, etc. General Knowledge section plays an important role. Questions from this section are asked from various subjects. Sometimes questions come from important days and dates. Below, the list of important days and dates in February month is provided that will help in the preparation of competitive examination.
"If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India." - Romain Rolland
"The diversity of India, of our civilization, is actually a thing of beauty, which is something we are extremely proud of" - Narendra Modi
India is a diverse country with vast geography, history, culture, language and is the largest democracy on earth. No doubt the culture and heritage of India is the amalgamation of the past and the present.
Festival seasons in India are widely spread evenly throughout the year and mostly it is seen that every month there is a festival in some of the other parts of the country. In India, February month is the last cooler month of winter and is enjoyed by everyone.
List of Important Days, Events, and Festivals in February 2021
1 February – Surajkund Crafts Mela
Surajkund Crafts Mela is celebrated at Surajkund, District Faridabad, Haryana from 1st February to 15 February, 2021. It is a celebration of Indian folk traditions and cultural heritage. In this Mela, the richness, and diversity of handicrafts, handlooms, and cultural fabric of India are seen. It is one of the most famous fairs, organized every year in Surajkund, Haryana, Near Delhi, by Haryana Tourism Department to promote handicrafts items.
1 February – Indian Coast Guard Day
On 1st February, the Indian Coast Guard celebrates its foundation day. This year Indian Coast Guard celebrated its 45th Raising Day. Indian Coast Guard has played a significant role in securing the Indian Coasts and enforcing regulations within the Maritime Zones of India
2 February – World Wetlands Day
Every year on 2nd February, World Wetlands Day is celebrated internationally. This day marks the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February, 1971, in Ramsar, Iran. It was first celebrated in 1997. World Wetlands Day 2020 theme is ' Wetlands and biodiversity'.
2 February to 8 February - International Development Week
International Development Week (IDW) is celebrated from 2 February to 8 February and this year marks the 30th anniversary of International Development Week in Canada. This day informs about different roles and career paths in the international development sector.
4 February - World Cancer Day
Every year on 4 February World Cancer Day is observed globally and is celebrated by WHO to aware people of the disease Cancer and how to cure it. 2020 theme is 'I Am and I Will'. According to WHO, the theme is an empowering call-to-action urging for personal commitment and represents the power of individual action taken now to impact the future.
4 February - National Day of Sri Lanka
On 4 February every year, Sri Lanka's National Day is celebrated as Independence Day. Sri Lanka got freedom from British rule on 4 February, 1948.
International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation is observed on 6 February to spread awareness and educate people about the consequences and problems that females faced due to genital mutilation. The theme for 2021 is "No time for Global inaction, unite, fund, and act to end Female Genital Mutilation."
6 February to 14 February- Kala Ghoda Festival
Kala Ghoda Arts Festival will be held online this year. The festival will start online on February 6, 2021. The festival presents plenty of events that reflect the rich history of art in Mumbai.
12 February – Darwin Day
12 February is celebrated every year as Darwin Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of the father of evolutionary biology, Charles Darwin in 1809. This day highlights Darwin's contribution to evolutionary and plant science. In 2015, Darwin's ‘Origin of Species’ was voted the most influential academic book in history.
12 February is celebrated as the birthday of the most popular president in United States history namely Abraham Lincoln. This day is also known as Abraham Lincoln's Birthday, Abraham Lincoln Day or Lincoln Day.
13 February: World Radio Day
World Radio Day is celebrated on 13 February to raise awareness about the importance of Radio. In several countries, it is the primary source for providing information.
13th February is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the Nightingale of India i.e. Sarojini Naidu. She was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad to scientist and philosopher Aghornath Chattopadhyaya and Barada Sundari Devi. She was the first Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress and also the first woman governor of an Indian state that is Governor of United Province which is now known as Uttar Pradesh.
14 February - Saint Valentine's Day
On 14 February every year, Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine is observed. Valentine's Day is named after a Catholic priest named Saint Valentine who lived in Rome in the 3rd Century.
18 February to 27 February - Taj Mahotsav
On 18 February every year Taj Mahotsav or Taj Festival is celebrated at Agra that reveals the rich cultural heritage of our country. This festival in 2021 will begins on 18 February and last till 27 February 2021. No doubt, the Taj Mahal represents the magnificence of the Mughal era and displays the finest specimens of Indian craftsmanship.
20 February - Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day
Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day is celebrated on 20 February as on this day it gained the status of the Union Territory and named Arunachal Pradesh.
World Day of Social Justice is observed every year on 20 February to encourage people to see how social justice affects poverty eradication. The main aim of this day is to achieve full employment and support for social integration. This day tackle issues like poverty, exclusion, and unemployment.
21 February - International Mother Language Day
International Mother Language Day is celebrated annually on 21 February worldwide to aware of the diversity of the language and its variety. This day promotes the awareness of language and cultural diversity across the world. On 17 November, 1999, it was first announced by UNESCO.
22 February - World Scout Day
22 February every year World Scout Day is celebrated and millions of Scouts from around the world gather at local, national, and international levels to celebrate the Founder's Day. This day marks the birthday of Lord Baden-Powell, the pioneer of Scouting.
24 February – Central Excise Day
Central Excise Day is observed in India on 24 February every year to encourage the employees of the excise department to carry out the central excise duty in a better way to prevent corruption in the manufacturing business and to carry out the best possible exercise services in India.
28 February – National Science Day
National Science Day is celebrated every year in India on 28 February to mark the discovery of the Raman Effect by the Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He discovered the Raman Effect on 28 February, 1928 and for this discovery, he was honoured by the Nobel Prize in Physics subject in 1930.
So, these are the National and International important Days and Dates of February month 2021 that may help in the preparation of various competitive examinations.
Gregorian calendar Edit
The Gregorian calendar was implemented in Russia on 14 February 1918 by dropping the Julian dates of 1–13 February 1918 pursuant to a Sovnarkom decree signed 24 January 1918 (Julian) by Vladimir Lenin. The decree required that the Julian date was to be written in parentheses after the Gregorian date until 1 July 1918.  All surviving examples of physical calendars from 1929–40 show the irregular month lengths of the Gregorian calendar (such as those displayed here). Most calendars displayed all the days of a Gregorian year as a grid with seven rows or columns for the traditional seven-day week with Sunday first.
The 1931 pocket calendar displayed here is a rare example that excluded the five national holidays, enabling the remaining 360 days of the Gregorian year to be displayed as a grid with five rows labeled I–V for each day of the five-day week.  Even it had the full Gregorian calendar on the other side. Throughout this period, Pravda, the official newspaper of the Communist Party, and other newspapers continued to use Gregorian calendar dates in their mastheads alongside the traditional seven-day week.   Pravda dated individual issues with 31 January , 31 March , 31 May , 31 July , 31 August , 31 October , and 31 December , but never used 30 February during the period 1929–1940 . The traditional names of "Resurrection" (Воскресенье) for Sunday and "Sabbath" (Суббота) for Saturday continued to be used, despite the government's officially anti-religious atheistic policy. In rural areas, the traditional seven-day week continued to be used despite official disfavor.    Several sources from the 1930s state that the old Gregorian calendar was not changed.    Two modern sources explicitly state that the structure of the Gregorian calendar was not touched.  
Work weeks Edit
During the second half of May 1929, Yuri Larin (Юрий Ларин, 1882–1932) proposed a continuous production week (nepreryvnaya rabochaya nedelya = nepreryvka) to the Fifth Congress of Soviets of the Union, but so little attention was paid to his suggestion that the president of the Congress did not even mention it in his final speech. By the beginning of June 1929 , Larin had won the approval of Joseph Stalin, prompting all newspapers to praise the idea. The change was advantageous to the anti-religious movement, as Sundays and religious holidays became working days.  On 8 June 1929 the Supreme Economic Council of the RSFSR directed its efficiency experts to submit within two weeks a plan to introduce continuous production. Before any plan was available, during the first half of June 1929 , 15% of industry had converted to continuous production according to Larin, probably an overestimate. On 26 August 1929 the Council of People's Commissars (CPC) of the Soviet Union (Sovnarkom) declared "it is essential that the systematically prepared transition of undertakings and institutions to continuous production should begin during the economic year 1929–1930 ".   The lengths of continuous production weeks were not yet specified, and the conversion was only to begin during the year. Nevertheless, many sources state that the effective date of five-day weeks was 1 October 1929,       which was the beginning of the economic year. But many other lengths of continuous work weeks were used, all of which were gradually introduced.
Implementation of continuous production weeks Edit
Specific lengths for continuous production weeks were first mentioned when rules for the five-day continuous work week were issued on 24 September 1929 . On 23 October 1929 building construction and seasonal trades were put on a continuous six-day week, while factories that regularly halted production every month for maintenance were put on six- or seven-day continuous production weeks. In December 1929 , it was reported that about 50 different versions of the continuous work week were in use, the longest being a 'week' of 37 days (30 continuous days of work followed by seven days of rest). By the end of 1929, orders were issued that the continuous week was to be extended to 43% of industrial workers by 1 April 1930 and to 67% by 1 October 1930 . Actual conversion was more rapid, 63% by 1 April 1930 . In June 1930 it was decreed that the conversion of all industries was to be completed during the economic year 1930–31 , except for the textile industry. But on 1 October 1930 peak usage was reached, with 72.9% of industrial workers on continuous schedules. Thereafter, usage decreased. All of these official figures were somewhat inflated because some factories said they adopted the continuous week without actually doing so. The continuous week was applied to retail and government workers as well, but no usage figures were ever published.   
The continuous week began as a five-day cycle, with each day color-coded and marked with a symbol. The population would be carved up into as many groups, each with its own rest day. These circles indicated when you worked and when you rested. 
Implementation of six-day weeks Edit
As early as May 1930, while usage of the continuous week was still advancing, some factories reverted to an interrupted week. On 30 April 1931 , one of the largest factories in the Soviet Union was put on an interrupted six-day week (Шестидневка = shestidnevka). On 23 June 1931 , Stalin condemned the continuous work week as then practiced, supporting the temporary use of the interrupted six-day week (one common rest day for all workers) until the problems with the continuous work week could be resolved. During August 1931 , most factories were put on an interrupted six-day week as the result of an interview with the People's Commissar for Labor, who severely restricted the use of the continuous week. The official conversion to non-continuous schedules was decreed by the Sovnarkom of the USSR somewhat later, on 23 November 1931 .    Institutions serving cultural and social needs and those enterprises engaged in continuous production such as ore smelting were exempted.  It is often stated that the effective date of the interrupted six-day work week was 1 December 1931,       but that is only the first whole month after the 'official conversion'. The massive summer 1931 conversion made this date after-the-fact and some industries continued to use continuous weeks. The last figures available indicate that on 1 July 1935 74.2% of all industrial workers were on non-continuous schedules (almost all six-day weeks) while 25.8% were still on continuous schedules. Due to a decree dated 26 June 1940 , the traditional interrupted seven-day week with Sunday as the common day of rest was reintroduced on 27 June 1940 .    
Each day of the five-day week was labeled by either one of five colors or a Roman numeral from I to V. Each worker was assigned a color or number to identify his or her day of rest. 
Eighty percent of each factory's workforce was at work every day (except holidays) in an attempt to increase production while 20% were resting. But if a husband and wife, and their relatives and friends, were assigned different colors or numbers, they would not have a common rest day for their family and social life. Furthermore, machines broke down more frequently both because they were used by workers not familiar with them, and because no maintenance could be performed on machines that were never idle in factories with continuous schedules (24 hours/day every day). Five-day weeks (and later six-day weeks) "made it impossible to observe Sunday as a day of rest. This measure was deliberately introduced 'to facilitate the struggle to eliminate religion'". 
The colors vary depending on the source consulted. The 1930 color calendar displayed here has days of purple, blue, yellow, red, and green, in that order beginning 1 January .  Blue was supported by an anonymous writer in 1936 as the second day of the week, but he stated that red was the first day of the week.  However, most sources replace blue with either pink,      orange,    or peach,  all of which specify the different order yellow, pink/orange/peach, red, purple, and green.
From the summer of 1931 until 26 June 1940 , each Gregorian month was usually divided into five six-day weeks, more and less (as shown by the 1933 and 1939 calendars displayed here).  The sixth day of each week was a uniform day off for all workers, that is days 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 of each month. The last day of 31-day months was always an extra work day in factories, which, when combined with the first five days of the following month, made six successive work days. But some commercial and government offices treated the 31st day as an extra day off. To make up for the short fifth week of February, 1 March was a uniform day off followed by four successive work days in the first week of March (2–5) . The partial last week of February had four work days in common years (25–28) and five work days in leap years (25–29) . But some enterprises treated 1 March as a regular work day, producing nine or ten successive work days between 25 February and 5 March , inclusive. The dates of the five national holidays did not change, but they now converted five regular work days into holidays within three six-day weeks rather than splitting those weeks into two parts (none of these holidays was on a "sixth day").   
On 10 December 1918 six Bolshevik holidays were decreed during which work was prohibited.  
- 1 January – New Year's Day
- 22 January – Day of 9 January 1905 Commemorates Bloody Sunday on 9 January 1905 (Julian) or 22 January 1905 (Gregorian)
- 12 March – Day of the Overthrow of the Autocracy Commemorates the mutiny of the Imperial Guards (about 60,000 soldiers) in Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg) on 27 February 1917 (Julian) or 12 March 1917 (Gregorian) during the February Revolution
- 18 March – Day of the Paris Commune Commemorates the uprising of the National Guard of Paris on 18 March 1871 (Gregorian) which established the Paris Commune
- 1 May – Day of the International  Celebration within Russia and later the Soviet Union of International Workers' Day
- 7 November – Day of the Proletarian Revolution Commemorates the Bolshevik uprising on 25 October 1917 (Julian) or 7 November 1917 (Gregorian)
In January 1925, the anniversary of Lenin's death in 1924 was added on 21 January . Although other events were commemorated on other dates, they were not days of rest. Originally, the "May holidays" and "November holidays" were one day each ( 1 May and 7 November ), but both were extended from one to two days in 1928, making 2 May and 8 November public holidays as well. 
Until 1929, regional labor union councils or local governments were authorized to set up additional public holidays, totaling to up to 10 days a year. Although people would not work on those days, they would not be paid holidays.   Typically, at least some of these days were used for religious feast, typically those of the Russian Orthodox Church, but in some localities possibly those of other religions as well. 
On 24 September 1929, three holidays were eliminated, 1 January , 12 March , and 18 March . Lenin's Day on 21 January was merged with 22 January . The resulting five holidays continued to be celebrated until 1951, when 22 January ceased to be a holiday. See История праздников России (History of the festivals of Russia).       
- 22 January – Day of Remembrance of 9 January 1905 and of the Memory of V.I. Lenin Commemorates Bloody Sunday on 9 January 1905 (Julian) or 22 January 1905 (Gregorian) and the death of Vladimir Lenin on 21 January 1925 (Gregorian)
- 1–2 May – Days of the International
- 7–8 November – Days of the Anniversary of the October Revolution
Two Journal of Calendar Reform articles (1938 and 1943) have two misunderstandings, specifying 9 January and 26 October , not realizing that both are Julian calendar dates equivalent to the unspecified Gregorian dates 22 January and 8 November , so they specify 9 January , 21 January , 1 May , 26 October , and 7 November , plus a quadrennial leap day.  
Many sources erroneously state that both five- and six-day work weeks were collected into 30-day months.
A 1929 Time magazine article reporting Soviet five-day work weeks, which it called an "Eternal calendar", associated them with the French Republican Calendar, which had months containing three ten-day weeks.  In February 1930 a government commission proposed a "Soviet revolutionary calendar" containing twelve 30-day months plus five national holidays that were not part of any month, but it was rejected because it would differ from the Gregorian calendar used by the rest of Europe.  Four Journal of Calendar Reform articles (1938, 1940, 1943, 1954) thought that five-day weeks actually were collected into 30-day months,     as do several modern sources.    
A 1931 Time magazine article reporting six-day weeks stated that they too were collected into 30-day months, with the five national holidays between those months.  Two of the Journal of Calendar Reform articles (1938 and 1943) thought that six-day as well as five-day weeks were collected into 30-day months.   A couple of modern sources state that five-day weeks plus the first two years of six-day weeks were collected into 30-day months.  
Apparently to place the five national holidays between 30-day months since 1 October 1929 , Parise (1982) shifted Lenin's Day to 31 January , left two Days of the Proletariat on 1–2 May , and shifted two Days of the Revolution to 31 October and 1 November , plus 1 January (all Gregorian dates).  Stating that all months had 30 days between 1 October 1929 and 1 December 1931 , the Oxford Companion to the Year (1999) 'corrected' Parise's list by specifying that "Lenin Day" was after 30 January ( 31 January Gregorian), a two-day "Workers' First of May" was after 30 April ( 1–2 May Gregorian), two "Industry Days" were after 7 November ( 8–9 November Gregorian), and placed the leap day after 30 February ( 2 March Gregorian).  
Life is like a 10-speed bicycle.
Most of us have gears we never use.
Charles M. Schulz, the American comics author of Peanuts, who was born in 1922, died on February 12, 2000. I grew up reading the Peanuts comics, and watching the Peanuts TV specials. Over the nearly 50 years that Peanuts was published, Schulz drew more than 18,000 strips. At its height, Peanuts was published daily in 2,600 papers in 75 countries, in 21 languages.
The Tangled History of Leap Years
T he story of why Monday is Feb. 29 rather than Mar. 1 goes all the way back to at least 46 BCE, when Julius Caesar reformed the Roman Calendar.
Before that time, a Roman year was ten days shorter than our years are, and divided into lunar months. In order to keep the year in tune with the seasons, an extra month would be tacked on occasionally. Caesar noticed, however, that Egyptians used a calendar based on the sun rather than the moon. So, in consultation with the Alexandrian astronomer Sosigenes, he decided to create his own new system, hoping to solve the problem of the drifting seasons. Each solar year in the Julian calendar would be 365.25 days long. The months would have pretty much the lengths that we recognize today, and the shortest month would&mdashas it does on Monday&mdashget an extra day every four years to account for the annual accumulation of a quarter of a day.
To address the discrepancy between the old Roman calendar and the new one, Caesar made that first new year 445 days long. It would take decades for the new calendar to be widely observed, but the problem should have been solved. Except for one thing: an actual solar year is not 365 days and 6 hours long.
The average established by Caesar was only a little bit off&mdashit was 11 minutes and 14 seconds too long&mdashand Europeans kept using it for the next thousand-plus years. By 1582 though, those 11 minutes per year had accumulated to a 10 day discrepancy. This discrepancy interfered with calculating liturgical dates like Easter, which is set by the moon, so Pope Gregory XIII issued a Papal Bull to fix the problem. As a result, in the year 1582, Oct. 4 was followed directly by Oct. 15. Pope Gregory also set up a convoluted new scheme to prevent such a maneuver from being necessary in the future: Every four years would be a leap year, unless it was the beginning of a new century&mdashexcept for every 400 years, when we would keep the extra day (“the exception to the exception,” as TIME once called it).
Skipping three leap days every 400 years would keep the calendar and solar years in alignment, or at least closer to that goal&mdashsometime near the year 4000 the current count will be one day off, as the current system is still 26 seconds ahead of the solar year.
But, although the Gregorian calendar&mdashnamed for the Pope who developed it&mdashwas first introduced in 1582, England and its colonies didn’t adopt the new calendar until 1752. By that point, the error was up to a whopping 11 days. That year, people went to sleep on Sept. 2 and woke up on Sept. 14. The change was made because, as TIME wrote in 1952, “Lord Chesterfield persuaded Parliament to give in to Gregory. ‘It was not…very honorable to England to remain in gross and unavowed error,’ he said, ‘especially in such company [as Russia].'”
Some other holdouts didn’t adopt the Gregorian calendar until the 20th Century, Russia among them. Indeed, that’s why the Bolshevik coup of Nov. 7, 1917, is confusingly called the October Revolution.
The phrase “leap year,” which probably refers to the jump in days of the week&mdasha calendar date usually moves forward one day of the week per year, but it moves two days in a leap year&mdashpredates the Gregorian calendar, according to the Oxford dictionaries. But the history of all this leaping has continued to evolve in modern times, even as recently as 1972, when leap seconds were introduced. The advent of the atomic clock had led eventually to the decision to, per TIME, “[redefine] the basic unit of time&mdashthe second&mdashin terms of the precise tuning-fork-like vibrations of the cesium atom.” The new second would not always line up with the length of a solar day, because the Earth’s rotation slowed over time, so a second could now be added or removed as needed.
As for why it took so long to get to this point, perhaps it was James A. Barnes of the National Bureau of Standards who put it best, back when the leap second was invented: “It takes time to agree on time.”
On This Day
The first Sassi-Superga Hillclimb was staged near Turin, Italy was won by Vincenzo Lancia in a FIAT 24-hp, the marque's racing debut.
Pierre de Crawez drove his Panhard 70hp to victory in one of the first races run over a closed circuit (Ardennes Circuit) in Germany.
Pierre de Crawez - Ardennes Circuit - 1903
The Cole Motor Car Company was founded in Indianapolis, Indiana, US by Joseph Jaret Cole. In 1904 Joseph J. Cole, formerly with the James Moon Buggy Company, who built the Moon Automobile, purchased the Gates-Osborne Buggy Co. Continue Reading →
The 75,000th Essex was produced, a 5-passenger, 2-door Coach.
'Volvo', which means 'I roll' in Latin, an appropriate name for the ball bearings from Swedish company, Svenska Kullagerfabriken (SKF), was officially registered as a brand name in Stockholm. Eleven years later in 1926, an SKF employee, Assar Gabrielsson, was eagerly campaigning the SKF board of directors to produce a Swedish car. Together with his friend Gustaf Larson, an engineer who had worked for Morris in England, they finally obtained SKF's go-ahead and financial backing, along with some factory space and the name Volvo. Continue Reading →
Woolf Barnato and Glen Kidston won the Le Mans 24-hour race in their Bentley Speed Six, the fourth consecutive win for the marque in this event. Barnato, in his third and last appearance, recorded his third victory to complete a perfect record.
1930 Le Mans 24 Hours - 'Bentley Boys' Glen Kidston and Woolf Barnato celebrate victory
Lieutenant Sir Henry R. S. "Tim" Birkin (36), British racing driver, one of the "Bentley Boys" of the 1920s, died. Continue Reading →
Ferdinand Porsche signed a contract with the Automobile Manufacturers Association of Germany (RDA) to build three prototype "people's cars" over a 10-month period. The contract was a direct result of Hitler's personal request to Porsche that he design such a car. The result, of course, was the Volkswagen. Continue Reading →
Ferdinand Porsche in front of a VW prototype W30, 1937
Sir Herbert Austin, Chairman of the Austin Motor Company Ltd, received the title of Baron from King Edward VII.
Powel Crosley Jr. presided over groundbreaking ceremonies for the new Crosley Motors Inc. factory in Richmond, Illinois, US.
(22nd - 23rd) The Porsche 356 scored its first international success in motor racing, winning the 1100-cc category in the 24 Hours of Le Mans. This race saw the death of French driver Jean Larivière within the opening laps of the race.
Three Jaguar C-types entered Le Mans, one driven by British drivers Stirling Moss and ‘Jolly’ Jack Fairman, one by fellow Britons Peter Walker and Peter Whitehead (a couple of gentleman farmers), and the other by Britain’s Leslie Johnson with Italian Clemente Biondetti. The Jaguars were an unknown quantity and the crowd were there were to watch the Ferraris, Talbots and Cunninghams. Moss set off at a great rate of knots, breaking the lap record and the opposition. Continue Reading →
Alberto Ascari driving a Ferrari 500 claimed victory at the Belgian Grand Prix (F2) held over 36 laps of the 8.8 mile Spa-Francorchamps circuit. Mike Hawthorn made his major racing debut, finishing fourth in his Cooper-Bristol. The Aston-Butterworth made its debut, but the car driven by Robin Montgomerie-Charrington retired with mechanical problems.
February Arts & Crafts and Special Days
Try this (external link) Groundhog Day activities from Anitra Redlefsen.
World Wetlands Day
Sled Dog Day
Artist Norman Rockwell’s Birthday, 1894
Carrot Cake Day
Golden Retriever Day
Rosa Park’s Birthday, 1913
Charles Lindbergh’s Birthday, 1902
Homemade Soup Day
World Cancer Day
Girls and Women in Sports Day
Frozen Yogurt Day
Pay a Compliment Day
Babe Ruth’s Birthday, 1895
Try this: ► Make a baseball plaque
Author Laura Ingalls Wilder’s Birthday, 1867
Try this: ► Laura Ingalls Wilder Books
Independence Day (Grenada)
Send a Card to a Friend Day
Boy Scouts’ Day
Try this: ► Make Recycled Crafts
Try this: ► Shape Collage Pizzas
Thomas Edison’s Birthday, 1847
Make a Friend Day
Don’t Cry Over Spilled Milk Day
Try this: ► Milk Bubbles
Get Out Your Guitar Day
White Shirt Day
Abraham Lincoln’s Birthday, 1809
Lost Penny Day
Artist Grant Wood’s Birthday, 1892
International Book Giving Day
Saint Valentine’s Day
Every February 14th, candy, flowers, and gifts are exchanged between loved ones, all in the name of St. Valentine. ▼
Try this: ► VALENTINE’S DAY CRAFTS
Here we have lots of gift ideas for kids to make including these great “I give you my heart” cards. Also, find out how you can download Valentine’s Day coloring pages.
Ferris Wheel Day
Try this: ► Make 3-D Amusement Parks
Sea Monkey Day
King Tut’s Burial Chamber Opened, 1923
Try this: ► Egyptian Book of the Dead
Try this: ► Make a Sistrum
World Whale Day
Random Acts of Kindness Day
Pluto Discovered, 1930
Try this: ► Cosmic Mobile
Try this: ► Create a Planet
Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus’ Birthday, 1473
Try this: ► Cosmic Mobile
Try this: ► Create a Planet
Tug of War Day
Chocolate Mint Day
Photographer Ansel Adams’ Birthday, 1902
John Glenn Day [1st U.S. Astronaut Orbits Earth, 1962]
Cherry Pie Day
Women Dentists Day
Sticky Bun Day
George Washington’s Birthday, 1732
Walk the Dog Day
World Thinking Day
World Yoga Day
Banana Bread Day
Dog Biscuit Appreciation Day
Play Tennis Day
Try this: ► Tennis Ball Prints
Tortilla Chip Day
Artist Winslow Homer’s Birthday, 1836
Artist Pierre Auguste Renoir’s Birthday, 1841
Play More Cards Day (last Monday in February)
Artist Honore Daumier’s Birthday, 1808
Levi Strauss’ Birthday, 1829
Try this: ► Make a bag out of a pair of blue jeans
Grand Canyon National Park Established, 1919
Tell a Fairy Tale Day
Gold Seekers Arrived in San Francisco, 1849
Floral Design Day
Try this: ► 6 Ways to Make Flowers
Tooth Fairy Day
A leap year is a year containing one or more extra days in order to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. For example, February would have 29 days in a leap year instead of the usual 28.
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February One Year Bible Readings
Congratulations! With the month of January behind we have completed 1/12 of our journey through the Bible! Keep your eyes fixed on Jesus and if you’ve missed some readings don’t worry, stay in His Word and spring forward to the reading for today.
Encourage your friends by letting them know what being in the Word each day has meant to you! — ‘Let us keep our eyes fixed on Jesus, on whom our faith depends from beginning to end. He did not give up because of the cross! On the contrary, because of the joy that was waiting for him, he thought nothing of the disgrace of dying on the cross, and he is now seated at the right side of Gods throne.’
Click the date to link to each daily reading. To listen to the New Living Translation follow the blue play button.
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Born This Day In History 1st October
Celebrating Birthdays Today
James Earl Carter, Jr.
Born: October 1, 1924, Plains, Georgia
Known For : He was US president from 1977 to 1981 and the Governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975. His administration dealt with several economic issues like stagflation (high inflation and high unemployment) and an energy crisis. He was also president during the Iran Hostage Crisis, a high-stakes event in which he worked to solve but took on much of the blame for several failures related to trying to free the US diplomats being held hostage. Carter was seen as a mostly ineffectual president at the time and has become more well-known for his post-presidency philanthropic work.
Born: 1st October 1st, 1935, Kulm, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England
Known For : Julie Andrews is award-winning English actress, singer and who is now Dame Julie Elizabeth Andrews. She is well known for a number of roles but possibly the most famous being Mary Poppins and The Sound of Music. She has won numerous awards including Best Actress Academy Award for Mary Poppins.